Population of Brazil

Population - June 2024 217,536,059 #7 worldwide Bandera of Brazil
Annual Growth 1,189,254 #14 worldwide
Median Age 34 years #105 worldwide
Life Expectancy 76.4 years #109 worldwide
Density 26 p/km² #196 worldwide

As of June 2024, the population of Brazil is 217.5 million. The number of inhabitants has increased by 1 million in the last year, representing a growth of 0.56%. The median age of the population has increased in recent years, rising from 29.9 years in 2014 to 34 years in 2024. Currently, life expectancy at birth is 76.4 years and population density is 26 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Population Growth

The population growth rate of Brazil peaked in 1959, reaching around 3.09% annually, but has since declined to approximately 0.55% in 2024. The annual increase in the number of people has also decreased from a peak of around 2.92 million in 1983 to nearly 1.19 million in 2024.

Life Expectancy

In Brazil, life expectancy at birth has been increasing, with the indicator rising from 71.1 years in 2004 to 76.4 years in 2024, representing an increase of more than 5 years over the past 2 decades.

Most populous cities in Brazil

Brazil has multiple large cities with a significant number of inhabitants. The most populous city is São Paulo, with approximately 10 million inhabitants. It is followed by Rio de Janeiro with 6 million and Salvador, Bahia with 2.7 million.

These are the 20 most populous cities in Brazil:

# City Population
1 São Paulo 10,021,295
2 Rio de Janeiro 6,023,699
3 Salvador, Bahia 2,711,840
4 Fortaleza, Ceará 2,400,000
5 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 2,373,224
6 Brasília, Federal District 2,207,718
7 Curitiba, Paraná 1,718,421
8 Manaus, Amazonas 1,598,210
9 Recife, Pernambuco 1,478,098
10 Belém, Pará 1,407,737
# City Population
11 Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 1,372,741
12 Goiânia, Goiás 1,171,195
13 Guarulhos, São Paulo 1,169,577
14 Campinas, São Paulo 1,031,554
15 Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro 1,002,118
16 Maceió, Alagoas 954,991
17 São Luís, Maranhão 917,237
18 Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro 818,329
19 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte 763,043
20 Teresina, Piauí 744,512