The opposite side of the world to San Marino is Waitangi, Chatham Islands, New Zealand.
Coordinates: 43.937, 12.446
Opposite side in the world
Coordinates: -43.937, -167.554
Waitangi is the closest city to San Marino's antipodal point (723 km).
The antipodal city to San Marino is Waitangi. This means that, among all the populated locations in the world, the farthest city from San Marino is Waitangi.
The distance from San Marino to Waitangi is about 19,000 kilometers. A direct flight would take around 21 hours, but there aren't commercial routes between these cities.
This table contains the populated locations that are closest to San Marino's antipode. These are the farthest cities in the world from San Marino.
|City||Country||Distance from antipode||Coordinates|
|Waitangi, Chatham Islands||New Zealand||723 km||(-43.954, -176.560)|
|Tolaga Bay, Gisborne||New Zealand||1,336 km||(-38.367, 178.300)|
|Gisborne||New Zealand||1,342 km||(-38.653, 178.004)|
|Manutuke, Gisborne||New Zealand||1,347 km||(-38.683, 177.917)|
|Te Karaka, Gisborne||New Zealand||1,363 km||(-38.467, 177.867)|
|Ruatoria, Gisborne||New Zealand||1,363 km||(-37.883, 178.333)|
|Wairoa, Hawke's Bay||New Zealand||1,369 km||(-39.033, 177.367)|
|Castlepoint, Wellington||New Zealand||1,375 km||(-40.900, 176.217)|
|Hastings, Hawke's Bay||New Zealand||1,379 km||(-39.638, 176.849)|
|Napier, Hawke's Bay||New Zealand||1,381 km||(-39.493, 176.912)|
Coordinates: 43.9367° N 12.4464° E
Coordinates: 43.9535° S 176.5597° W
The antipode can be calculated by understanding the geographic coordinates and applying simple formulas. We will use the following variables:
Step 1: Obtain the geographic coordinates of San Marino
The DMS coordinates are: 43°56'12'' N 12°26'47'' E .
Calculations are easier by using the decimal format, hence:
LatO = 43.93667°
LngO = 12.44639°
Step 2: Calculate the latitude
LatA = - LatO = -43.93667°
Since the latitude is positive (north direction), the antipode must be negative (south direction).
Step 3: Calculate the longitude
LngA = LngO ± 180° = 12.44639 - 180° = -167.55361°
Since the longitude is positive, we subtract 180° to ensure the final value lies between (-180, 180). If it were the other way around, we would sum 180° for the same reason.
The antipode of San Marino is located on coordinates: (LatA, LngA) = (-43.93667, -167.55361)
In DMS format: 43°56'12'' N 12°26'47'' E .